AAP recommends to avoid blankets (a potential suffocation hazard) until your baby reaches her first birthday ||Sleep sacks and sufficient layers of clothing are safe alternatives to blankets for children less than six months of age ||Don’t rush into solving your kid's problems. Give him the chance to conclude, all on his own, that things are going to be okay. ||You'll develop a unique parenting style that is right for your family and may be quite different from your neighbors and friends. ||Your baby should have 4-6 wet diapers per day. This is a great way to monitor if they're getting enough milk ||Trim your baby’s nails weekly after a bath when the nails are softened ||Make a habit out of drinking a glass of water every time you feed your baby. ||Your toddler may be clumsy simply due to her trials to master so many new physical skills at the same time. The more active she is, the more likely she will drop things, run into things, or fall down. ||When giving suspension or liquid medicines, use the dosage cup enclosed in the package or a syringe ||Don't forget to watch what you say and do around your child: Imitation is one of the ways toddlers learn socially acceptable behavior. ||
School Phobia (School Avoidance)


School refusal or school phobia occurs in 5% of children.

 

The problem can be overcome with patience and by trying to understand why the child fears school.

 

Parents should always remember that their school phobic child is going through a hard time and needs all of their support. Working in concert with the school is important too.

 

What causes school phobia?

 

For young children school means spending a lot of time away from home. Not only do children miss home in the school setting, but they are faced with new experiences, challenges and pressures (both social and academic). Some children adapt very nicely into the new environment yet others miss home, a source of anxiety and fear.

 

In some children home or family factors can play a role; for example if there is an illness in the child or family, a recent divorce/separation or if one parent is stressed or depressed. These situations may either cause school phobia or worsen it.

 

Symptoms or signs of school refusal

  • School refusal symptoms usually occur on school days, and are most often absent on weekends and during the summer holidays.They include:
  • Refusal to attend school
  • Creating reasons why not to go to school
  • Frequent complaints about not feeling well with vague or non-specific complaints
  • Crying and yelling at the school gate.
  • In rare cases, school phobic children can complain of chronic physical symptoms including headaches, abdominal pain, nausea or dizziness.
  • Usually no medical cause is found when these complaints are medically Investigated
 

Reasons for school avoidance or school phobia

 

Most school-avoiding children do not know why they are school-phobic, and may have difficulty talking about the source of their anxiety. Aside from difficulty in separating from parents there are some other school-related factors that can cause school avoidance including:

  • Fear of failure
  • Teasing by other children
  • Anxieties over toileting in a public bathroom
  • A perception that teacher and other school personnel are "mean"
  • Threats of physical harm (as from a school bully) or actual physical harm
  • Existing learning difficulties or disabilities
  • Non-school related causes may include the loss of a loved one or moving to another Place.
 

Dealing with school avoidance

 

There is no one magic cure or fix. The most important aspect of dealing with a school phobic child is to find out what the underlying cause is.

Although the cause may be directly school related, in some cases it has to do with home, personal or family issues.

Once the cause has been identified, it is then easier to try to plan a "customized" approach to help the child.

At times it may be necessary to involve not only the school personnel, but a pediatrician and even a psychologist.

The good news is though, that with age, school phobia does improve, and is much less common in older children.


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