Acute bronchitis is usually caused by viruses, and it may occur together with or following a cold or other respiratory infection. Germs such as viruses can be spread from person to person by coughing. They can also spread if you touch your mouth, nose, or eyes after coming into contact with respiratory fluids from an infected person.
Children being around tobacco smoke, chemical fumes, and other air pollutants for long periods of time puts them at risk for developing chronic bronchitis.
Acute bronchitis often starts with a dry, annoying cough that is triggered by the inflammation of the lining of the bronchial tubes. Other symptoms may include:
§ cough that may bring up thick white, yellow, or greenish mucus
§ shortness of breath
§ feeling of tightness in the chest
§ wheezing (a whistling or hissing sound with breathing)
§ fever (usually mild)
§ generally feeling ill
§ Importance of immunization against pertussis, diphtheria, and influenza
§ Avoid passive environmental tobacco smoke, avoid air pollutants (such as chemical fumes)
§ Obtain medical attention for prolonged respiratory infections
§ Drink more liquids which help keep air passages moist and help cough up mucus.
§ Get more rest
§ Eat healthy foods including fruits, vegetables, breads, and protein (such as chicken, fish, and beans). Dairy products (such as milk, cheese, and ice cream) can sometimes increase the amount of mucus your body makes.
§ Use a humidifier may help decrease the cough.
§ Children may attend school or daycare without restrictions except during episodes of acute bronchitis with fever
Contact the doctor if
§ Your child has a fever.
§ Your child breathing problems do not go away or get worse.
§ Your child cough does not get better with treatment.
§ Your child coughs up blood.
§ You have questions or concerns about your babies condition.
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