If you have trouble emptying your breast, apply warm compresses to the breast or take a warm shower before breast-feeding ||Set aside time for your partner and share what's happening in each other's life ||Use each feeding as an opportunity to build your newborn's sense of security, trust and comfort. ||Look for early signs of hunger, such as stirring and stretching, sucking motions and lip movements. Fussing and crying are later cues ||Reflux is common in newborns. Most babies outgrow reflux between the time they are 1 and 2 years old ||Proper weight gain is the sign that your baby is having enough milk. Not crying and not comparing with other kids ||Alternate the first breast you offer at each feed ||Design a kid corner and fill it with things safe for your toddler like Tupperware, toys, empty boxes, etc. ||When giving suspension or liquid medicines, use the dosage cup enclosed in the package or a syringe ||Don't ever be afraid to ask for help from a friend or relative. Time away will let you recharge. ||
Pneumonia

Pneumonia is a general term that refers to an infection of the lungs, which can be caused by a variety of microorganisms.

Most cases of pneumonia are caused by viruses, including adenoviruses, rhinovirus, influenza virus (flu), respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), and parainfluenza virus (which causes croup).

Often, pneumonia begins after an upper respiratory tract infection (an infection of the nose and throat), with symptoms of pneumonia beginning after 2 or 3 days of a cold or sore throat.
 

Symptoms

 

Symptoms vary depending on the age of the child and the cause of the pneumonia, but common ones include:

fever

chills

cough

nasal congestion

unusually rapid breathing (in some cases, this is the only symptom)

breathing with grunting or wheezing sounds

labored breathing that makes the rib muscles retract (when muscles under the ribcage or between ribs draw inward with each breath) and causes nasal flaring

vomiting

chest pain

abdominal pain

decreased activity

loss of appetite (in older kids) or poor feeding (in infants), which may lead to dehydration

in extreme cases, bluish or gray color of the lips and fingernails
 

Doctor's Instructions

 

Treatment may include antibiotics for bacterial pneumonia. Antibiotics may also speed recovery from mycoplasma pneumonia and some special cases. There is no clearly effective treatment for viral pneumonia, which usually clears up on its own. Other treatment may include:

  • appropriate diet
  • increased fluid intake (giving your child more liquids to drink)
  • cool mist humidifier in your child's room
  • acetaminophen (for fever and discomfort)
  • medication for cough


Your child may be treated in the hospital if she is having severe breathing problems. While in the hospital, treatment may include:

  • intravenous (IV) or oral antibiotics
  • intravenous (IV) fluids, if your child is unable to drink well
  • oxygen therapy
  • frequent suctioning of your child's nose and mouth (to help get rid of thick secretions)
  • breathing treatments, as ordered by your child's physician
     
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