What is Atopic Eczema?
It is a skin problem that causes dry, itchy, scaly, red skin. It can occur in infants, children, and adults, and seems more common in certain families.
Causes of Eczema?
The cause of Eczema is unknown although hereditary factors appear to play a strong role. In most people, atopic dermatitis is caused by a genetic dysfunction in the outermost layer of the skin (the epidermis).
Symptoms of Eczema?Skin is dry, scaly and Itchy itching could be more at nightIt is common in infants; there may be red, scaly, and crusted areas on the front or back of the arms and legs, cheeks, or scalp. The diaper area is not usually affected.
Plugged hair follicles because small bumps to develop, usually on the face, upper arms, and thighs
Increased skin creasing on the palms and/or an extra fold of skin under the eye
Darkening of the skin around the eyes
What is the treatment of Eczema?
1 – Eliminate aggravating factors which include:
Heat, perspiration, dry environments
Emotional stress or anxiety
Rapid temperature changes
Do not expose to chemicals or cleaning solutions, including soaps and detergents, perfumes and cosmetics, wool or synthetic fibers, dust, sand, and cigarette smoke
2- Keep skin hydrated by Emollients and Bathing
3- Treat skin irritation by using topical steroids
4- Control itching by using Oral Antihistaminic and Wet dressing
5- Ultraviolet light therapy (Phototherapy) an Immunosuppressive drugs may be used in severe cases.
Can eczema be prevented?
Babies who have a parent, brother, or sister with eczema have a high risk of developing atopic eczema. In these babies, the use of moisturizing creams or ointments from the first week of life may prevent eczema during the first year. However, it is uncertain whether this measure is effective in preventing eczema later in life.
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