The AAP recommends sponge baths until the umbilical cord stump falls off — which might take up to three weeks ||Massaging infants' arms and hands can significantly reduce their pain from needle sticks ||Use each feeding as an opportunity to build your newborn's sense of security, trust and comfort. ||Toddler's appetite may change almost daily. Let her be the judge of how much she needs and wants to eat. ||If you have trouble emptying your breast, apply warm compresses to the breast or take a warm shower before breast-feeding ||By rising the temperature, the body can stop a virus's ability to grow. That's why we get fevers ||Exclusive breastfeeding for at least 6 months is the best prevention of food allergies ||Sleep sacks and sufficient layers of clothing are safe alternatives to blankets for children less than six months of age ||Breastfeeding releases Oxytocin which causes contractions of the uterus, helping to stop hemorrhage and initiating weight loss ||Try to keep other elements of your baby's routine as normal as possible during the strike. ||
Cholesterol screening in your child


Newly revised AAP guidelines (July 2008, the American Academy of Pediatrics) recommend cholesterol screening for all children who are:

  • Overweight
  • Have diabetes
  • Have high blood pressure
  • A family history of early heart disease and high cholesterol.
  • Smoking.
 

What is the cause of high cholesterol in children?

 

Cholesterol levels in children are linked to three risk factors:

  • Genetically (passed on from parent to child. In most cases, kids with high cholesterol have a parent who also has elevated cholesterol)
  • Dietary
  • Obesity
 

What does cholesterol do?

 

Adults are not the only people affected by high cholesterol. Children also may have high levels of cholesterol, which can cause health problems when the child gets older.

 

Too much cholesterol leads to the build-up of plaque on the walls of the arteries, which supply blood to the heart and other organs. Plaque can narrow the arteries and block the blood flow to the heart, causing heart problems. Cholesterol also is related to health problems, including stroke.

 

When to do the first screening and how often should I follow up?

 
  • First screening is recommended after age 2, but no later than age 10.
  • Children under age 2 should not be screened.
  • If the fasting lipid profile is normal, a child should be screened again in three to five years.
 

Is there any treatment and what is it?

 
  • Changing lifestyle and bad habits: Healthy food including low-fat dairy products for all children over two years of age
  • Plenty of exercise: regular aerobic exercise, such as biking, running, walking, and swimming, can help raise HDL levels (the "good" cholesterol) and lower your child's risk for cardiovascular disease.
  • Weight management should be the primary treatment for overweight kids with high lipid levels
  • Medications for patients 8 years and older with an LDL concentration greater than 190 mg/dL (or 160 mg/dL with a family history of early heart disease or two additional risk factors present; or 130 mg/dL if diabetes is present)

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